Consumption of energy in homes is a considerable portion of all energy consumed in the world. The dramatic price increases in fossil fuel requirements and reducing CO2 emissions of the Kyoto protocol, 50% excess in the past year, is increasing the economic and environmental problem.
We need an immediate and comprehensive critical analysis of the use of available resources and exploring alternative strategies regarding building energy management that allows a more rational use of energy with the knowledge and means at our disposal, maintaining or improving quality of life of citizens. Some considerations in this regard are:
- The losses in the sequence of transport and transformation of the source to the user are very important in developed countries around 84%, of which about half could be recovered with existing technology at present.
- The consideration of energy states in a comprehensive manner without considering the cost required for their achievement. The valuation of high quality energy (chemical, electrical, compared to the waste coming from such a cooling device, allows the use of natural degradation processes of energy.
- Peak consumption of the grid, consistent with the extreme temperatures in winter and summer, which states:
- The air conditioning of buildings influenced significantly the overhead of the electricity consumed.
- The amount of energy that is necessary to provide for cooling of buildings in the summer period is comparable with that required for heating in winter.
In response to some organizations, enterprises and research raises the following proposition: guidelines for energy management study of the management and building automation energy in a residential setting within a program for research, development and evaluation of components, techniques and strategies available.
- Low-temperature thermal energy heating, air conditioning, hot water, etc.
- Electric power, chemical generation, storage and generation of hydrogen.
- Materials and construction processes for energy optimization: Insulation, thermal inertia. Phase change materials, etc.
- Design. Construction and maintenance: quality, cost, benefits Adaptation to environment, industrial construction, process automation
Managing energy while consistently improving building automation systems creates the ideal solution to keeping up with technological advances and preserving the environment.